Constipation can cause a lot of rectal disorders that can be painful and discomforting
to many sufferers. Hemorrhoids and anal fistula (fistula-in-ano) are the most common
and often share the same symptoms to confuse one with the other.
When hard and dry stools get forcibly expelled out of the rectum, the soft delicate
anorectal tissue linings can be inflamed or infected so that all sorts of pain, bleeding
and discomfort attend your bowel movement.
What Is Anal Fistula?
An anal fistula occurs as a traumatic result of a problematic defecation that causes
an abnormal connection or passageway to form between the skin surrounding the anus
or perianal skin and the epithelialized surface or lining of the anorectal canal.
It is often an infection that causes the anal glands to form abscess that point out
in the skin surface.
The tract form is the fistula. Abscesses may recur once the fistula seals off and
pus accumulates pointing to the surface. Anal fistula in itself is not life-threatening
or harmful but they are painful to the touch and irritating due to the pus discharges
with the threat of infection spreading wider around the anal area a real possibility.
Treating anal fistula depends on the condition and extent of the infection and where
the fistula lies and which part of the anal sphincter the fistula crosses.
It requires initially cleaning the area before administering any treatment. As with
any infection, antibiotics are administered. A conclusive treatment of anal fistula
is aimed at stopping is recurrence. The best way to heal the infection is by preventing
the build-up of pus in the fistula that result in abscess formation.
In mild cases, doing nothing is proffered. Surgery is often the best treatment involving
the opening of the entire fistula formation and allowing the wound to heal from the
inside to obliterate the fistula.
Different From Piles
Hemorrhoids are the equivalent of varicose veins occurring in the anal area that
also result from problematic bowel movement that strains the inner linings of the
anorectal tissues causing them to get distended and possibly protrude outside the
You can have internal hemorrhoids confined to the inner linings of the rectal canal
or the swollen tissue can loosen and protrude out into the external anal area. Either
conditions can result in bleeding, pain, itching and sitting discomforts.