On a medical level, the term hemorrhoid is used for the “cushions of tissue filled
with blood vessels at the junction of the rectum and the anus”. More commonly, the
word is used to describe the state in which veins in the rectum and the anus are
swelling beyond the normal size. This causes severe discomfort and should be treated
immediately for that reason.
The good thing about hemorrhoids is that it is not a fatal condition and it is easily
treatable; but it is possible that complications could occur if a popped hemorrhoid
is left open and gets infected with a virus or bacteria. In any case, hemorrhoids
should be brought to a doctor as soon as possible.
Obviously, external hemorrhoids are those that can be seen from the outside. Of course,
you will probably need a mirror just take a look at it. On a more medical level,
internal hemorrhoids are those that form inside the rectal area.
External hemorrhoids on the other hand, form on the outside of the anal canal. Needless
to say, both are equally discomforting. If you are suffering from either kind, you
should see a doctor immediately so that something can be done about it.
One distinct factor that is unique to the external hemorrhoid is that it is more
prone to being ruptured and thus, causes bleeding. This is why extra care is needed
for patients who have external hemorrhoids.
Causes, Symptoms and Signs
There are no specific factors that induce hemorrhoids, but medical research has shown
that certain activities promote the growth of hemorrhoids:
• Among these factors are smoking during bowel movements, smoking will also worsen
an existing hemorrhoid problem as well.
• Obesity and weight change due to pregnancy are also associated with hemorrhoids.
• Another factor attributed to hemorrhoids is the action of straining during bowel
movements as these may cause the veins to behave irregularly.
• Portal hypertension is also a common cause of hemorrhoids since it affects veins
that are connected to the wall.
While it takes a doctor to properly discern what kind of hemorrhoid you have and
what state of maturity the hemorrhoid has reached, there are a few tell tale signs
that you can observe to determine if you have a hemorrhoid:
• First is the itching sensation from the rectal area, these are usually accompanied
by other symptoms such as fissures and abscesses.
• Other rectal symptoms include anal melanoma as well.
Other Useful Facts About Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are not caused by eating spicy foods. This is simply not true. But eating
spicy foods is bad for people who already have hemorrhoids since this will make the
situation worse. Otherwise, spicy foods are not considered as a cause for hemorrhoids.
What does cause hemorrhoids is the insufficient intake of water and fibers. This
may cause the creation of hard solid stool which is hard to expel. This causes strain
on the rectum and anal area which may lead to hemorrhoids.
Learning about hemorrhoids is a good idea when you are suffering from this condition.
This will help you be prepared and find the right solutions for hemorrhoids.