Bioflavonoids are a group of naturally – occurring plant compounds that primarily
provide pigments to its rind, leaves and flowers. These are found in a wide range
of fruits and herbs that can be taken as foods. Foods with major bioflavonoids content
• Tea leaves
• Green citrus fruits, specifically the rind
• Rose hips
• Black currants
Because of their composition, beers and wines also contain high levels of bioflavonoids.
However, it is important to keep in mind that limiting your alcohol intake is also
important in keeping your body healthy.
They are oftentimes referred to as Vitamin P but are not considered as an essential
vitamin group. In order for a nutrient to be considered as essential, its deficiency
must lead to symptoms of a disease. To date, there are no known diseases that are
attributed to the lack of bioflavonoids in the human system. Researchers only speculate
that low bioflavonoid intake may lead and worsen degenerative conditions such as
cancer and coronary health disease.
While bioflavonoids are not essential in the strictest sense in medical science,
they have been proven to be beneficial as a treatment of various conditions in conjunction
with other supplements. Among the conditions that benefit from intake of bioflavonoids
is hemorrhoid. It is believe to provide anti-inflammatory effect and healing in the
veins that are affected with hemorrhoids.
Bioflavonoids are divided into several general groups. For hemorrhoids treatment,
the following groups have demonstrated efficacy in relievingitching and pain, and
Diosmin and hesperidine – these are among the major bioflavonoids found in citrus
fruits. They are believed to help reduce inflammation and increase vein strength.
These are important factors in healing hemorrhoids. A study showed that when taken
in “crisis dose”, that is, in larger than usual doses using diosmin supplements,
the duration of hemorrhoid bleeding is significantly shortened.
Oligomeric proanthocyanidin complexes (OPCs) – these are known to protect and strengthen
living tissues and are found in many food types but in small quantities. Among the
best sources of OPCs are:
For hemorrhoids, OPCs act as anti – inflammatory agents. This is possible with the
anti – oxidant properties of OPCs that inhibit the release and synthesis of certain
compounds that aggravates inflammation. It also helps in healing damaged anal tissues
by promoting binding of connective tissue joints.
Rutin (oxerutin) – is another bioflavonoid found in green citrus fruits but the plant
with the most rutin is buckwheat. It is also found in :
• Noni fruit
• Black tea
• Apple peel
Rutin has been known to stop inflammation of the veins, which is the condition when
one has hemorrhoids. It is also an anti – inflammatory, and helps in healing of bruises
How To Use Bioflavonoids?
Bioflavonoids can be derived from fruits in high concentrations. Thus, daily servings
of fruits and fresh fruit juices are recommended.
• Products containing high concentration of fruit juices such as wines may also be
• Supplements derived from pine bark and grape seeds, which are known to have high
bioflavonoid content are also available in appropriate doses.
Bioflavonoids are non – toxic and are water soluble. If you happen to take more than
what you body needs, it is easily excreted through the urine. So it is generally
safe to consume fruits and drinks with high bioflavonoid concentration.
Though they are considered safe to take even at high doses, pregnant women are advised
to go easy and against taking mega doses, especially when using supplements. Some
studies have indicated a link between infant leukemia and high doses of these elements.